ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'flask' in Python

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Borislav Hadzhiev

Last updated: Apr 18, 2022

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ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'flask' in Python #

The Python "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'flask'" occurs when we forget to install the Flask module before importing it or install it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install Flask command.

no module named flask

Open your terminal in your project's root directory and install the flask module.

shell
# 👇️ in a virtual environment or using Python 2 pip install Flask # 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version) pip3 install Flask # 👇️ if you get permissions error sudo pip3 install Flask # 👇️ if you don't have pip in your PATH environment variable python -m pip install Flask # 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version) python3 -m pip install Flask # 👇️ for Anaconda conda install -c anaconda flask

After you install the Flask package, try importing it like:

main.py
from flask import Flask print(dir(Flask))

The Python error "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'flask'" occurs for multiple reasons:

  1. Not having the Flask package installed by running pip install Flask.
  2. Installing the package in a different Python version than the one you're using.
  3. Installing the package globally and not in your virtual environment.
  4. Your IDE running an incorrect version of Python.
  5. Naming your module flask.py which would shadow the official module.
  6. Declaring a variable named flask which would shadow the imported variable.
If you are using a virtual environment, make sure you are installing Flask in your virtual environment and not globally.

You can try creating a virtual environment if you don't already have one.

shell
# 👇️ deactivate virtual environment (if you have one active) deactivate # 👇️ remove the old virtual environment folder (if you have one) rm -rf venv # 👇️ use correct version of Python when creating VENV python3 -m venv venv # 👇️ activate on Unix or MacOS source venv/bin/activate # 👇️ activate on Windows (cmd.exe) venv\Scripts\activate.bat # 👇️ activate on Windows (PowerShell) venv\Scripts\Activate.ps1 # 👇️ install Flask in virtual environment pip install Flask # 👇️ install the modules in your requirements.txt file # (Only needed this if you have a requirements.txt file) pip install -r requirements.txt

Your virtual environment will use the version of Python that was used to create it.

If the error persists, get your Python version and make sure you are installing the package using the correct Python version.

shell
python --version

get python version

For example, my Python version is 3.10.4, so I would install the Flask package with pip3.10 install Flask.

shell
pip3.10 install Flask # 👇️ if you get permissions error use pip3 (NOT pip3.X) sudo pip3 install Flask

Notice that the version number corresponds to the version of pip I'm using.

If the PATH for pip is not set up on your machine, replace pip with python3 -m pip:

shell
# 👇️ make sure to use your version of Python, e.g. 3.10 python3 -m pip install Flask

If the "No module named 'flask'" error persists, try restarting your IDE and development server/script.

You can check if you have the Flask package installed by running the pip show Flask command.

shell
# 👇️ check if you have Flask installed pip3 show Flask # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip show Flask

The pip show Flask command will either state that the package is not installed or show a bunch of information about the package, including the location where the package is installed.

If the package is not installed, make sure your IDE is using the correct version of Python.

If you have multiple Python versions installed on your machine, you might have installed the Flask package using the incorrect version or your IDE might be set up to use a different version.

For example, In VSCode, you can press CTRL + Shift + P or ( + Shift + P on Mac) to open the command palette.

Then type "Python select interpreter" in the field.

python select interpreter

Then select the correct python version from the dropdown menu.

select correct python version

Your IDE should be using the same version of Python (including the virtual environment) that you are using to install packages from your terminal.

If the error persists, make sure you haven't named a module in your project as flask.py because that would shadow the original flask module.

You also shouldn't be declaring a variable named flask as that would also shadow the original module.

If the error is not resolved, try to uninstall the Flask package and then install it.

shell
# 👇️ check if you have Flask installed pip3 show Flask # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip show Flask # 👇️ uninstall Flask pip3 uninstall Flask # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip uninstall Flask # 👇️ install Flask pip3 install Flask # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip install Flask

Try restarting your IDE and development server/script.

You can also try to upgrade the version of the Flask package.

shell
pip3 install Flask --upgrade # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip install Flask --upgrade
If the error persists, I would suggest watching a quick video on how to use Virtual environments in Python.

This one is for using virtual environments (VENV) on Windows:

This one is for using virtual environments (VENV) on MacOS and Linux:

Conclusion #

The Python "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'flask'" occurs when we forget to install the Flask module before importing it or install it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install Flask command.

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