ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'cx_Oracle' in Python

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Borislav Hadzhiev

Last updated: Apr 20, 2022

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"ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'cx_Oracle' in Python" #

The Python "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'cx_Oracle'" occurs when we forget to install the cx_Oracle module before importing it or install it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install cx_Oracle command.

no module named cx oracle

Open your terminal in your project's root directory and install the cx_Oracle module.

shell
# 👇️ in a virtual environment or using Python 2 pip install cx_Oracle # 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version) pip3 install cx_Oracle # 👇️ if you get permissions error sudo pip3 install cx_Oracle pip install cx_Oracle --user # 👇️ if you don't have pip in your PATH environment variable python -m pip install cx_Oracle # 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version) python3 -m pip install cx_Oracle # 👇️ using py alias (Windows) py -m pip install cx_Oracle # 👇️ for Anaconda conda install -c anaconda cx_oracle # 👇️ for Jupyter Notebook !pip install cx_Oracle

After you install the cx_Oracle package, try importing it like:

main.py
import cx_Oracle print(dir(cx_Oracle))

The Python error "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'cx_Oracle'" occurs for multiple reasons:

  1. Not having the cx_Oracle package installed by running pip install cx_Oracle.
  2. Installing the package in a different Python version than the one you're using.
  3. Installing the package globally and not in your virtual environment.
  4. Your IDE running an incorrect version of Python.
  5. Naming your module cx_Oracle.py which would shadow the official module.
  6. Declaring a variable named cx_Oracle which would shadow the imported variable.

If the error persists, get your Python version and make sure you are installing the package using the correct Python version.

shell
python --version

get python version

For example, my Python version is 3.10.4, so I would install the cx_Oracle package with pip3.10 install cx_Oracle.

shell
pip3.10 install cx_Oracle # 👇️ if you get permissions error use pip3 (NOT pip3.X) sudo pip3 install cx_Oracle

Notice that the version number corresponds to the version of pip I'm using.

If the PATH for pip is not set up on your machine, replace pip with python3 -m pip:

shell
# 👇️ make sure to use your version of Python, e.g. 3.10 python3 -m pip install cx_Oracle

If the "No module named 'cx_Oracle'" error persists, try restarting your IDE and development server/script.

You can check if you have the cx_Oracle package installed by running the pip show cx_Oracle command.

shell
# 👇️ check if you have cx_Oracle installed pip3 show cx_Oracle # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip show cx_Oracle

The pip show cx_Oracle command will either state that the package is not installed or show a bunch of information about the package, including the location where the package is installed.

If the package is not installed, make sure your IDE is using the correct version of Python.

If you have multiple Python versions installed on your machine, you might have installed the cx_Oracle package using the incorrect version or your IDE might be set up to use a different version.

For example, In VSCode, you can press CTRL + Shift + P or ( + Shift + P on Mac) to open the command palette.

Then type "Python select interpreter" in the field.

python select interpreter

Then select the correct python version from the dropdown menu.

select correct python version

Your IDE should be using the same version of Python (including the virtual environment) that you are using to install packages from your terminal.

If you are using a virtual environment, make sure you are installing cx_Oracle in your virtual environment and not globally.

You can try creating a virtual environment if you don't already have one.

shell
# 👇️ use correct version of Python when creating VENV python3 -m venv venv # 👇️ activate on Unix or MacOS source venv/bin/activate # 👇️ activate on Windows (cmd.exe) venv\Scripts\activate.bat # 👇️ activate on Windows (PowerShell) venv\Scripts\Activate.ps1 # 👇️ install cx_Oracle in virtual environment pip install cx_Oracle

If the python3 -m venv venv command doesn't work, try the following 2 commands:

  • python -m venv venv
  • py -m venv venv

Your virtual environment will use the version of Python that was used to create it.

If the error persists, make sure you haven't named a module in your project as cx_Oracle.py because that would shadow the original cx_Oracle module.

You also shouldn't be declaring a variable named cx_Oracle as that would also shadow the original module.

If the error is not resolved, try to uninstall the cx_Oracle package and then install it.

shell
# 👇️ check if you have cx_Oracle installed pip3 show cx_Oracle # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip show cx_Oracle # 👇️ uninstall cx_Oracle pip3 uninstall cx_Oracle # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip uninstall cx_Oracle # 👇️ install cx_Oracle pip3 install cx_Oracle # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip install cx_Oracle

Try restarting your IDE and development server/script.

You can also try to upgrade the version of the cx_Oracle package.

shell
pip3 install cx_Oracle --upgrade # 👇️ if you don't have pip set up in PATH python3 -m pip install cx_Oracle --upgrade
If the error persists, I would suggest watching a quick video on how to use Virtual environments in Python.

This one is for using virtual environments (VENV) on Windows:

This one is for using virtual environments (VENV) on MacOS and Linux:

Conclusion #

The Python "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'cx_Oracle'" occurs when we forget to install the cx_Oracle module before importing it or install it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install cx_Oracle command.

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