ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'colorama' in Python

avatar

Borislav Hadzhiev

Last updated: Apr 20, 2022

banner

Check out my new book

ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'colorama' in Python #

The Python "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'colorama'" occurs when we forget to install the colorama module before importing it or install it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install colorama command.

no module named colorama

Open your terminal in your project's root directory and install the colorama module.

shell
# 👇️ in a virtual environment or using Python 2 pip install colorama # 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version) pip3 install colorama # 👇️ if you get permissions error sudo pip3 install colorama # 👇️ if you don't have pip in your PATH environment variable python -m pip install colorama # 👇️ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version) python3 -m pip install colorama # 👇️ for Anaconda conda install -c anaconda colorama

After you install the colorama package, try importing it like:

main.py
from colorama import Fore, Back, Style print(Fore.RED + 'some red text') print(Back.GREEN + 'and with a green background') print(Style.DIM + 'and in dim text') print(Style.RESET_ALL) print('back to normal now')

The Python error "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'colorama'" occurs for multiple reasons:

  1. Not having the colorama package installed by running pip install colorama.
  2. Installing the package in a different Python version than the one you're using.
  3. Installing the package globally and not in your virtual environment.
  4. Your IDE running an incorrect version of Python.
  5. Naming your module colorama.py which would shadow the official module.
  6. Declaring a variable named colorama which would shadow the imported variable.

If the error persists, get your Python version and make sure you are installing the package using the correct Python version.

shell
python --version

get python version

For example, my Python version is 3.10.4, so I would install the colorama package with pip3.10 install colorama.

shell
pip3.10 install colorama # 👇️ if you get permissions error use pip3 (NOT pip3.X) sudo pip3 install colorama

Notice that the version number corresponds to the version of pip I'm using.

If the PATH for pip is not set up on your machine, replace pip with python3 -m pip:

shell
# 👇️ make sure to use your version of Python, e.g. 3.10 python3 -m pip install colorama

If the "No module named 'colorama'" error persists, try restarting your IDE and development server / script.

You can check if you have the colorama package installed by running the pip show colorama command.

shell
# 👇️ check if you have colorama installed pip3 show colorama # 👇️ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip show colorama

The pip show colorama command will either state that the package is not installed or show a bunch of information about the package, including the location where the package is installed.

If the package is not installed, make sure your IDE is using the correct version of Python.

If you have multiple Python versions installed on your machine, you might have installed the colorama package using the incorrect version or your IDE might be setup to use a different version.

For example, In VSCode, you can press CTRL + Shift + P or ( + Shift + P on Mac) to open the command palette.

Then type "Python select interpreter" in the field.

python select interpreter

Then select the correct python version from the drop down menu.

select correct python version

Your IDE should be using the same version of Python (including the virtual environment) that you are using to install packages from your terminal.

If you are using a virtual environment, make sure you are installing colorama in your virtual environment and not globally.

You can try creating a virtual environment if you don't already have one.

shell
# 👇️ use correct version of Python when creating VENV python3 -m venv venv # 👇️ activate on Unix or MacOS source venv/bin/activate # 👇️ activate on Windows (cmd.exe) venv\Scripts\activate.bat # 👇️ activate on Windows (PowerShell) venv\Scripts\Activate.ps1 # 👇️ install colorama in virtual environment pip install colorama

Your virtual environment will use the version of Python that was used to create it.

If the error persists, make sure you haven't named a module in your project as colorama.py because that would shadow the original colorama module.

You also shouldn't be declaring a variable named colorama as that would also shadow the original module.

If the error is not resolved, try to uninstall the colorama package and then install it.

shell
# 👇️ check if you have colorama installed pip3 show colorama # 👇️ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip show colorama # 👇️ uninstall colorama pip3 uninstall colorama # 👇️ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip uninstall colorama # 👇️ install colorama pip3 install colorama # 👇️ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip install colorama

Try restarting your IDE and development server / script.

You can also try to upgrade the version of the colorama package.

shell
pip3 install colorama --upgrade # 👇️ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip install colorama --upgrade
If the error persists, I would suggest watching a quick video on how to use Virtual environments in Python.

This one is for using using virtual environments (VENV) on Windows:

This one is for using using virtual environments (VENV) on MacOS and Linux:

I wrote a book in which I share everything I know about how to become a better, more efficient programmer.
book cover
You can use the search field on my Home Page to filter through all of my articles.