ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'virtualenv' in Python

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Borislav Hadzhiev

Wed Apr 20 20224 min read

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ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'virtualenv' in Python #

The Python "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'virtualenv'" occurs when we forget to install the virtualenv module before importing it or install it in an incorrect environment. To solve the error, install the module by running the pip install virtualenv command.

no module named virtualenv

Open your terminal in your project's root directory and install the virtualenv module.

shell
# ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ using Python 2 pip install virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ for Python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version) pip3 install virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ if you get permissions error sudo pip3 install virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ if you don't have pip in your PATH environment variable python -m pip install virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ for python 3 (could also be pip3.10 depending on your version) python3 -m pip install virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ for Anaconda conda install -c anaconda virtualenv

After you install the virtualenv package, try importing it like:

main.py
import virtualenv print(dir(virtualenv))

Or use it to create a virtual environment:

shell
virtualenv venv

The Python error "ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'virtualenv'" occurs for multiple reasons:

  1. Not having the virtualenv package installed by running pip install virtualenv.
  2. Installing the package in a different Python version than the one you're using.
  3. Installing the package globally and not in your virtual environment.
  4. Your IDE running an incorrect version of Python.

If the error persists, get your Python version and make sure you are installing the package using the correct Python version.

shell
python --version

get python version

For example, my Python version is 3.10.4, so I would install the virtualenv package with pip3.10 install virtualenv.

shell
pip3.10 install virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ if you get permissions error use pip3 (NOT pip3.X) sudo pip3 install virtualenv

Notice that the version number corresponds to the version of pip I'm using.

If the PATH for pip is not set up on your machine, replace pip with python3 -m pip:

shell
# ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ make sure to use your version of Python, e.g. 3.10 python3 -m pip install virtualenv

If the "No module named 'virtualenv'" error persists, try restarting your IDE and development server / script.

You can check if you have the virtualenv package installed by running the pip show virtualenv command.

shell
# ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ check if you have virtualenv installed pip3 show virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip show virtualenv

The pip show virtualenv command will either state that the package is not installed or show a bunch of information about the package, including the location where the package is installed.

If the package is not installed, make sure your IDE is using the correct version of Python.

If you have multiple Python versions installed on your machine, you might have installed the virtualenv package using the incorrect version or your IDE might be setup to use a different version.

For example, In VSCode, you can press CTRL + Shift + P or (โŒ˜ + Shift + P on Mac) to open the command palette.

Then type "Python select interpreter" in the field.

python select interpreter

Then select the correct python version from the drop down menu.

select correct python version

Your IDE should be using the same version of Python (including the virtual environment) that you are using to install packages from your terminal.

Alternatively, you can use the built-in venv module to create a virtual environment in Python.

shell
# ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ use correct version of Python when creating VENV python3 -m venv venv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ activate on Unix or MacOS source venv/bin/activate # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ activate on Windows (cmd.exe) venv\Scripts\activate.bat # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ activate on Windows (PowerShell) venv\Scripts\Activate.ps1 # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ install modules in virtual environment pip install requests

Your virtual environment will use the version of Python that was used to create it.

If the error is not resolved, try to uninstall the virtualenv package and then install it.

shell
# ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ check if you have virtualenv installed pip3 show virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip show virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ uninstall virtualenv pip3 uninstall virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip uninstall virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ install virtualenv pip3 install virtualenv # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip install virtualenv

Try restarting your IDE and development server / script.

You can also try to upgrade the version of the virtualenv package.

shell
pip3 install virtualenv --upgrade # ๐Ÿ‘‡๏ธ if you don't have pip setup in PATH python3 -m pip install virtualenv --upgrade
If the error persists, I would suggest watching a quick video on how to use Virtual environments in Python.

This one is for using using virtual environments (VENV) on Windows:

This one is for using using virtual environments (VENV) on MacOS and Linux:

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Copyright ยฉ 2022 Borislav Hadzhiev