NameError: name 'math' is not defined in Python

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Borislav Hadzhiev

Last updated: Apr 20, 2022

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NameError: name 'math' is not defined in Python #

The Python "NameError: name 'math' is not defined" occurs when we use the math module without importing it first. To solve the error, import the math module before using it - import math.

nameerror name math is not defined

Here is an example of how the error occurs.

main.py
# ⛔️ NameError: name 'math' is not defined print(math.ceil(1.2)) print(math.floor(1.7))

To solve the error, we have to import the math module.

main.py
import math print(math.ceil(1.2)) # 👉️ 2 print(math.floor(1.7)) # 👉️ 1

Even though the math module is in the Python standard library, we still have to import it before using it.

Make sure you haven't used a capital letter m when importing math because module names are case-sensitive.

Alternatively, you can make your code a little more concise by only importing the functions that you use in your code.

main.py
from math import ceil, floor print(ceil(1.2)) # 👉️ 2 print(floor(1.7)) # 👉️ 1

The example shows how to import the ceil() and floor() functions from the math module.

Instead of accessing the functions on the module, e.g. math.floor(), we now access them directly.

This should be your preferred approach because it makes your code easier to read.

For example, when we use an import such as import math, it is much harder to see which functions from the math module are being used in the file.

Conversely, when we import specific functions, it is much easier to see which functions from the math module are being used.

The math module provides access to many mathematical functions that are defined by the C standard.

The math module also provides some commonly used constants, e.g. pi.

main.py
from math import pi print(pi) # 👉️ 3.141592653589793

You can view all of the functions and constants the math module provides by visiting the official docs.

Conclusion #

The Python "NameError: name 'math' is not defined" occurs when we use the math module without importing it first. To solve the error, import the math module before using it - import math.

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