Format a float as an integer in Python


Borislav Hadzhiev

Last updated: Sep 2, 2022


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Format a float as an integer in Python #

Use a formatted string literal to format a float as an integer, e.g. result = f'{math.trunc(my_float)}'. You can use expressions in f-strings to format the float as an integer by truncating or rounding.
import math my_float = 378.656789 # ✅ format float as int by removing fractional part (truncating) result = f'{math.trunc(my_float)}' print(result) # 👉️ 378 # ---------------------------------------------- # ✅ format float as int with rounding result = f'{my_float:.0f}' print(result) # 👉️ 379 # ---------------------------------------------- # ✅ format float as int by rounding up result = f'{math.ceil(378.000001)}' print(result) # 👉️ 379

We used a formatted string literal to format a float as an integer.

The first example uses the math.trunc() method in a formatted string literal to remove the float's fractional part.
import math my_float = 378.656789 result = f'Result: {math.trunc(my_float)}' print(result) # 👉️ Result: 378

The math.trunc method takes a number, removes its fractional part and returns its integer part.

The math.trunc() method rounds towards zero.
import math print(math.trunc(3.468)) # 👉️ 3 print(math.trunc(-3.468)) # 👉️ -3

Formatted string literals (f-strings) let us include expressions inside of a string by prefixing the string with f.
my_str = 'The number is:' my_int = 123 result = f'{my_str} {my_int}' print(result) # 👉️ The number is: 123

Make sure to wrap expressions in curly braces - {expression}.

Formatted string literals also enable us to use the format-specific mini-language in expression blocks.
my_float = 378.656789 result = f'{my_float:.0f}' print(result) # 👉️ 379

The digit after the period is the number of decimal places the number should have.

Notice that f-strings format with rounding.

You can use the math.ceil() method to round up when formatting the float as an integer.
import math result = f'{math.ceil(378.000001)}' print(result) # 👉️ 379

The math.ceil method returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to the provided number.

If you need to round down, use the math.floor() method.
import math result = f'{math.floor(378.9999999)}' print(result) # 👉️ 378

The math.floor method returns the largest integer less than or equal to the provided number.

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