Hide/Show an Element by ID using JavaScript

avatar

Borislav Hadzhiev

Last updated: Jul 25, 2022

banner

Check out my new book

Hide/Show an Element by ID using JavaScript #

To hide/show an element by id, use the style.display property to determine if the element is shown or hidden. If its display property is set to none, show the element by setting it to block, otherwise hide the element by setting its display property to none.

Here is the HTML for the examples in this article.

index.html
<!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="UTF-8" /> <style> #container { background-color: lime; width: 150px; height: 150px; } </style> </head> <body> <div id="container">Container content</div> <button id="btn">Hide element</button> <script src="index.js"></script> </body> </html>

And here is the related JavaScript code.

index.js
const el = document.getElementById('container'); const btn = document.getElementById('btn'); btn.addEventListener('click', function handleClick() { if (el.style.display === 'none') { el.style.display = 'block'; btn.textContent = 'Hide element'; } else { el.style.display = 'none'; btn.textContent = 'Show element'; } });

hide show element by id

We added a click event listener to a button. Every time the button is clicked, the handleClick function is invoked.

In the function, we check if the element's display property is set to none.

If the element has a display property set to none, then it is hidden, in which case, we set its display property to block to show the element.

Otherwise, the element is shown, so we set its display property to none to hide it.

We also used the textContent property to update the button's text when the element is hidden and shown.

We used the display property in the examples, however you might need to use the visibility property depending on your use case.

When an element's display property is set to none, the element is removed from the DOM and has no effect on the layout. The document is rendered as though the element doesn't exist.

On the other hand, when an element's visibility property is set to hidden, it still takes up space on the page, however the element is invisible (not drawn). The element still affects the layout on your page as normal.

Here is an example that uses the visibility property to hide/show an element by its id.

index.js
const el = document.getElementById('container'); const btn = document.getElementById('btn'); btn.addEventListener('click', function handleClick() { if (el.style.visibility === 'hidden') { el.style.visibility = 'visible'; btn.textContent = 'Hide div'; } else { el.style.visibility = 'hidden'; btn.textContent = 'Show div'; } });

hide show element by id visibility

Clicking on the button hides the element, however the button doesn't take its place on the page.

Even though the element is not rendered, it still affects the layout on the page as normal.

When we used the display property to hide the element, the button would take its place in the DOM as the div element got completely removed.

Use the search field on my Home Page to filter through my more than 3,000 articles.